Hypothyroidism is a common condition impacting women, with women between 5-8 times more likely to develop this condition than men. The most common cause of hypothyroidism in Canada and the US is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
What is Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune condition in which the body’s own immune cells attack and destroy the thyroid gland resulting in decreased thyroid function (hypothyroidism). Hashimoto’s most often impacts young and middle aged women (20’s to 50’s) and can lead to permanent damage of the thyroid gland and lifelong hypothyroidism.
Symptoms of Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis in it’s early stages is often silent with few to no symptoms. Some people experience a sense of fatigue or not feeling their best, but often do not seek medical care for these common symptoms.
The symptoms of Hashimoto’s are indistinguishable from other forms of hypothyroidism:
- Weight gain
- Muscle weakness
- Cold intolerance
- Dry skin
- Dry or brittle hair
- Hair loss
- Firm or nodular thyroid gland on palpation
Diagnosing Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis
All hypothyroidism is diagnosed using a thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level. TSH is produced in the pituitary gland and tells the thyroid gland to make thyroid hormones. If the TSH is too high, that means the thyroid is not working effectively and a diagnosis of hypothyroidism can be made.
In Hashimoto’s thyroiditis anti-thyroid antibodies (antithyroid peroxidase, antithyroglobulin) are commonly present. However they are rarely tested, despite the majority of hypothyroid cases being autoimmune in origin.
In my Naturopathic practice I always test for anti-thyroid antibodies to confirm Hashimoto’s and to monitor treatment.
Hashimoto’s and Autoimmunity
An autoimmune condition is any condition where the body’s immune system begins to attack the body’s own tissues rather than the viruses and bacteria it is designed to fight. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis occurs when the immune system attacks the thyroid gland. It is not in essence a thyroid condition, but an immune condition where the thyroid is the unfortunate victim.
Once a person develops one form of autoimmune condition they are more likely to develop others. The incidence of Hashimoto’s is higher in people with pre-existing autoimmune conditions such as celiac disease, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, vitiligo and lupus.
Conventional Treatment of Hashimoto’s
Conventional treatment of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis does not differ significantly from treatment of other forms of hypothyroidism. The main treatment is L-thyroxine (T4) taken daily in the morning. This T4 is then converted in the body to the active thyroid hormone, T3.
There are controversies regarding this treatment for Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Studies have shown that combined use of T4 and T3 results in better relief of hypothyroid symptoms than T4 alone. This is accomplished by using a dessicated thyroid extract, prescribed to you by your Medical Doctor, endocrinologist or Naturopathic Doctor.
Another controversy in the treatment of Hashimoto’s is the lack of treatment targeted at the immune system. The use of L-thyroxine does not prevent or treat the inflammation and autoimmune destruction of the thyroid nor does it lower anti-thyroid antibodies.
Naturopathic Treatment of Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis
An experienced Naturopathic Doctor can be an amazing ally in the treatment of Hashimoto’s. Your ND can personalize a protocol that will address the root cause of your Hashimoto’s – an overactive immune system.
In Ontario your ND may be able to prescribe dessicated thyroid, provided they have obtained additional education and a license to prescribe.
Nutritional supplements, such as selenomethionine, may also be used to decrease autoimmune thyroid antibodies. Dietary support such as gluten avoidance, immunoglobulin food sensitivity testing, celiac testing, detoxification support, gut healing protocols and more can also be used to support the immune system and decrease over-reactivity.
More information on the Naturopathic treatment of Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis can be found in the following articles: Hashimoto’s and Gluten, Naturopathic Treatment of Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis, Hashimoto’s and Fertility. You can also book an appointment with Dr. Lisa Watson, ND and get started on healing your Hashimoto’s now.
The advice provided in this article is for informational purposes only. It is meant to augment and not replace consultation with a licensed health care provider. Consultation with a Naturopathic Doctor or other primary care provider is recommended for anyone suffering from a health problem.