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Naturopathic Treatment of Eosinophilic Esophagitis

What is Eosinophilic Esophagitis?

Eosinophilic esophagitis (EOE) is inflammation of the esophagus that results in difficulty swallowing food.  The inflammation occurs when eosinophils, a type of white blood cell, increase in numbers in the esophagus.  This influx of eosinophils stiffens the esophagus making it difficult to swallow foods.  Eosinophilic esophagitis can happen in children and adults.

What causes Eosinophilic Esophagitis?

Eosinophilic esophagitis is caused by an allergy, typically to a food (or possibly an inhaled allergen).  When an allergenic food is consumed the immune system produces high numbers of eosinophils which accumulate in the tissue just beneath the lining of the esophagus.

Symptoms of Eosinophilic Esophagitis

The main symptom is difficulty swallowing food.  People with EOE describe a sensation of food becoming stuck in the esophagus.  Some people also experience heartburn and chest pain.  Children can also experience nausea, vomiting, coughing and abdominal pain.

The difficulty swallowing occurs when the high number of eosinophils stiffen the esophagus and prevent it from stretching appropriately to allow food to pass.  Certain foods are more likely to cause difficult swallowing, especially meats and breads.

Diagnosis of Eosinophilic EsophagitisEosinophilic esophagitis

If you have difficulty swallowing your doctor will refer you for an endoscopy in order to take a look at your esophagus.  During the endoscopy a biopsy will be taken to confirm the presence of eosinophils in the tissue of the esophagus.

The incidence of EOE is increasing in North America.  This may be due to a general increase in allergic conditions, or increased awareness and diagnosis of EOE.

Mainstream Treatment of Eosinophilic Esophagitis

The mainstream treatments of eosinophil esophagitis include esophageal dilation (using a tube to gently stretch the esophagus to allow the passage of food), inhaled corticosteroids (i.e. Flovent) and proton pump inhibitors.  None of these treatments are without potential side effects and possible negative impacts on overall health.  This is why many people are exploring Naturopathic Medicine for the management of EOE.

Naturopathic Treatment of Eosinophilic Esophagitis

Treatment with Naturopathic Medicine is individualized for each patient.  However, there are some common treatment goals which are applied in most cases of eosinophilic esophagitis.

Eosinophilic esophagitis

1.  Identify food allergies and sensitivities

Only by identifying and eliminating the cause of disease can we expect to overcome the symptoms of disease.  The cause of eosinophilic esophagitis is allergy – in most cases to an ingested food.  In addition to skin prick allergy testing done with an allergist, Naturopathic Doctors will also perform a food sensitivity test which looks for a different type of immunoglobulin (IgG) that can also result in accumulation of eosinophils in the esophagus.

 While IgG based food sensitivities are not “allergies” per se, they still result in activation of the immune system that can lead to the symptoms of EOE.  The food sensitivity panel allows you to identify the most likely food sensitivities that can be contributing to your symptoms and eliminate them from your diet.  For more information read the article on Identifying Food Sensitivities.

2. Normalize function of the immune system

Allergies result from an over-activation of the immune system.  By modulating your immune system – decreasing over-production of eosinophils without compromising your body’s ability to fight off viruses, bacteria and other pathogens, you can decrease symptoms of eosinophilic esophagitis without the negative side effects seen with pharmaceutical treatments.

The approach to normalizing the function of the immune system is different for every individual.  Your Naturopathic Doctor will take a complete history and look at all the different systems of your body to determine the best treatment options for you.

3.    Decrease inflammation in the esophagus

The inflammation of the esophagus due to the presence of eosinophils results in the difficulty swallowing seen in EOE.  While you are identifying the underlying allergies and normalizing function of your immune system, your Naturopathic Doctor can help to decrease inflammation in the esophagus and improve symptoms.  Natural supplements like omega-3 rich fish oil, slippery elm powder, marshmallow root and curcumin (turmeric) are all well-tolerated anti-inflammatories which may be used short term (or long term) to support the esophagus and allow you to be symptom free sooner.

Naturopathic Medicine can help you overcome your eosinophilic esophagitis.  Book an appointment now with a Naturopathic Doctor experienced in the treatment of EOE and start the journey towards optimal health.

Disclaimer

The advice provided in this article is for informational purposes only.  It is meant to augment and not replace consultation with a licensed health care provider.  Consultation with a Naturopathic Doctor or other primary care provider is recommended for anyone suffering from a health problem.

Lisa Watson

Dr. Lisa Watson is a Naturopathic Doctor practicing in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. She is a passionate writer and speaker and encourages her patients and readers to embrace their full, amazing, health potential. You can follow Dr. Watson on twitter at @drlisawatson or contact her at drlisa@drlisawatson.com.

8 thoughts on “Naturopathic Treatment of Eosinophilic Esophagitis

  1. Hello,
    I have just been reading your very informative article of EoE. I was diagnosed last year. I have had some terrifying incidents when swallowing steak, however I now avoid red meats to ensure that I won’t have any more incidents. I am extremely interested in your article as it mentions omega 3 fish oil may be effective in reducing inflammation. My question is, can this be in capsule form, as I think I would struggle taking it in liquid form as I believe it has a very bad after taste? My husband suffers with GORD and I’m wondering if he would also find Omega 3 fish oil useful as well.
    I’ve been researching EoE for a long time now and your site is the first one that offers practical support.
    Also, I don’t know if this will be helpful to your research but I have found that by not drinking certain wines i.e. Chardonnay, Chablis and Pinot Grigio, which cause me horrendous heartburn, this helps me control my EoE.
    I would really appreciate your comments.
    Kindest Regards
    Deborah Webster

  2. Hi Deborah,
    Thanks for your comment. I’m glad you found the article informative! EoE is a challenging condition to be diagnosed with and I’m happy to be providing some guidance and hope for those with that condition.
    The fish oils are available in capsules, but you’ll be happy to know most liquids are flavoured with lemon, citrus or berry and are actually quite palatable! You can add a dose to water or juice and you’ll barely notice it’s there.

    Dr. Lisa

  3. Hi Lisa,
    I have been using essential oils to treat different things and wondering if there’s one that you could suggest to rub on my neck to try to reduce the swelling of the oesophagus? Alternatively, Have you heard of any oils regularly ingested that might also help the immune system fight this condition in particular?
    Thanks in advance, Kristy

  4. Hi Kristy,

    Thanks for getting in touch. Essential oils are not part of my scope of practice as a Naturopathic Doctor. Many essential oils are toxic when ingested and I generally advise against them. You may be better using soothing botanical teas made from demulcent herbs like marshmallow or slippery elm.

    Dr. Lisa

  5. Hi,

    Thanks for the article. I was diagnosed with IBS a few years back and recently had trouble swallowing and my primary doctor referred me to a Gastroenterologist. I had an endoscopy a few days ago and the gastro doc thinks I may have EoE. She also is testing for the presence of a known parasite. I have soo many questions. When I want to talk to the doctors about all my questions I feel rushed and they just go back to their treatment plans (normally consisting of medicine and other procedures). I’m still waiting on the biopsy results and my follow up appointment but I can’t stop wondering about the cause, treatment, options etc. They rarely want to get to the root or cause (which is my inquiry)…they just want to diagnose and treat the symptoms. After my research, I think the allergy testing should be first but she put me on Prilosec, which I’ve heard not so good things about. Again avoiding the root and treating the symptom.

    I am allergic to milk and maybe other things. I do need to do a food allergy & sensitivity test but while I wait for the results, it’s uncomfortable to swallow and I feel heartburn somewhat constantly. I would like to have the herbal teas and other comforting remedies you mentioned and any another suggestion you may have for heartburn.

    I look forward to next week for my results and next steps. If you know of any good Natural doctors in South Florida, I would love to have a referral.

    Thank you
    Nicole

  6. Hi! My 16 yr old daughter is suffering badly. Missing school, constant discomfort, and not to mention– socializing ?! Worried about depression. My question is what dose would I give her of fish oil . She’s 115 lbs. I’ll try anything to help her. I also read aloe juice- what do you think ?? Thank u

  7. The only real way to manage EoE is with a fully comprehensive approach. The omega 3s in fish oil can decrease inflammation, but if the underlying cause is not identified and eliminated you’re just clearing smoke without putting out the fire. A good quality omega 3 supplement with at least 1000mg of EPA is generally recommended, but that may not be enough to get your daughter back on track. ~Dr. Lisa

  8. Nicole, I am sorry for the frustrating delay that sometimes results in medicine! Having an appropriate diagnosis is important, but don’t delay in starting some of the gentle natural remedies I discussed in this article. You can read more about my approach to heartburn in this article: http://drlisawatson.com/natural-approaches-to-heartburn
    And for a naturopathic doctor in Florida, I’d suggest meeting with someone registered with the Florida Naturopathic Physicians Association – it’s currently an unlicensed state and I want you to get the best quality of care possible – http://www.fnpa.org
    ~Dr. Lisa

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